Sheltered area of water suitable for anchoring.....cf. Harbour.
Descriptive term applied to a natural rock feature.
(i) Ground, often sloping, forming the margin of a water feature.
(ii) Gently sloping ground.
(iii) Raised shelf or ground in a sea, lake or river usually covered by water.....cf. Sandbank.
(i) Extensive depression in the earth's crust...cf. hollow.
(ii) Tract of land drained by a river system.
(iii) Area of water protected by land from severe wave action.
(i) Bank of sand, mud or shingle formed in shallow water across the mouth of a river or the entrance to a bay or harbour.......cf. shoal.
(ii) Submerged ridge of bed-rock in a water feature....cf. rock, reef.
Prominent shelf, platform or flat-topped hill associated with an escarpment or cliff....cf. mesa.
Indentation into the land occupied by water, generally with an opening greater than its depth of penetration....Syn. Bight....cf. Cove.
Gently sloping shore composed of sand or shingle.
Curved portion of a watercourse, road or railway track.
Opening in the sea-shore through which air and possibly water are forced by wave action. BLUFF Cliff, headland or mountain summit with a bold and almost perpendicular front.
An area of soft, wet, spongy ground consisting chiefly of decayed or decaying vegetable matter......cf. Marsh, Swamp.
(i) Elevated connecting link between two mountain areas.......cf. Col, Saddle.
(ii) Syn. Arch.
(i) Elevated connecting link between two mountain areas...cf. Col, Saddle.
(ii) Syn. Arch.
Syn. Scrub......cf. Bush, Thicket.
Uncultivated region covered with scrub and/or trees....cf. Scrub.
Major artificial waterway......cf. Drain Race.
Descriptive term applied to a mountain or hill.....Syn. Bonnet.
Land projecting into the sea, usually marking a change in direction of the coast....Syn. Point........cf. Bluff, Headland.
Small waterfall or series thereof....cf. Cataract.
Major series of falls or rapids.....cf. Cascade.
Natural cavity in rock. (Usually large enough to be entered by man).
Cave of large dimensions. (Sometimes used synonymously with cave).
(i) Relatively narrow stretch of sea between two land masses and connecting two more extensive areas of sea....Syn. Passage,....cf. Narrows.
(ii) Depper or navigable part of a water feature.
(iii) Path followed by a tidal stream across an inter-tidal flat.....cf. Gut.
Large fissure or crack in the earth's surface.
Steep sided amphitheatre formed through erosion by snow or ice.
Shallow depression in clay soil retaining water after rain.
Very steep rock face, approaching the vertical.
Land bordering the sea....cf. Shore.
Depression in a range of mountains or hills....Syn. Gap, Opening, Saddle, Pass.
Descriptive term applied to a mountain or hill....cf. Sugarloaf.
(i) Abrupt change in direction of a road, track or water feature....cf. Bend.
(ii) Secluded place usually providing shelter.
Small inlet or bay usually providing shelter.
Rugged peak or cliff.......Syn. Craig.
Small watercourse....cf. Rivulet, Brook.
Place where a watercourse, road or railway may be crossed.
Route or channel made by excavation.
Syn. Valley.........cf. Dell.
Barrier constructed to hold back water.
Small hollow or valley, usually wooded.....cf. Dale.
Alluvial tract formed at the mouth of a river.
(i) Habitat of wild animals.....cf. Lair.
(ii) Cave, frequently a shelter cave.
Sunken place....cf. Hollow.
Elevated land separating different river systems or basins ....Syn. Watershed.
Rounded hill or mountain.
Undulating grass-covered landscape.
Minor artificial waterway....cf. Canal, Race.
Ridge or mound of sand, usually wind blown.
Large rock transported by glacial action.
Widened mouth of a river where tidal effects are evident and where mixing of river and sea water occurs.
Rock feature....cf. Cliff.
Bare, uncultivated, hilly and/or rocky ground within elevated terrain....cf. Moor.
Area of open ground.....cf. Grass Meadow.
Near level area
Shallow part of a water feature which may be crossed by wading....cf. Crossing.
Stretch of coastal land backed by higher ground.
Extensive area of tree covered land.
Depression in a range of mountains or hills.....Syn. Col, Opening, Pass, Saddle.
(i) A delightful and pleasurable spot.
(ii) Place where people go for amusement or recreation.
Small clearing or passage within a forest.
Long narrow valley with steep sides, often with a water feature at the bottom.
Deep valley with steep to vertical walls....Syn. Canyon.
Grass covered field.........cf. Meadow.
Grassed area generally used for recreation....cf. Grass, Field.
Area of land.
Small wood, usually of planted trees....cf. Plantation.
(i) Narrow, deep but relatively small valley....cf. Gully.
(ii) Narrow inlet with steep sides.....cf. Gut (ii).
Small valley with steep banks, usually with intermittent water flow....cf. Gulch, Ravine.
(i) Natural, narrow inlet of deep water in a bank or shoal, sometimes forming a channel through it.....cf. Channel
(ii) Small gulch with a narrow or restricted entrance.
Area of water containing an anchorage.
(i) Syn. Bluff.
(ii) High ground projecting into the sea....Syn. Headland....cf. Cape, Point.
Syn. Head.....cf. Cape.
Tract of open uncultivated ground covered with small bushes....cf. Downs, Fell, Moor.
Area of high ground.
Portion of the earth's surface elevated above its surroundings (usually with an elevation of less than 300 metres from foot to summit)....Syn. Hummock....cf. Knoll, Knob.
(i) An opening, usually the entrance to a cave.
(ii) Used synonymously with cave.
(iii) Small sheltered bay.....Syn. Cove.
(iv) Deep depression in the bed of a water feature.
Small area of land depressed below its surroundings....cf. Basin, Depression.
Pyramidal peak....cf. Pyramid.
Small indentation into a coastline or shore.
(i) Area of land surrounded by water at mean high water....cf. Isle
(ii) An isolated area of trees or scrub surrounded by moors......cf. Bush, Scrub.
Small island.......Syn. Islet.
Narrow strip of land joining two large land areas......cf. Neck.
Prominent, isolated, rounded hill....cf. Knoll.
Small, rounded hill....cf. Knob.
(i) Enclosed body of shallow water sometimes vegetated....cf. Pond, Swamp.
(ii) Stretch of salt or brackish water partly or completely separated from the sea by a strip of land.
Refuge or hidden place....cf. Den.
Comparatively large body of water enclosed by land.
Transportation transfer point.
A route, up a cliff or mountain side, or to an area difficult of access.
Shelf or ridge of rock.....cf. Shelf.
Prominent hill or place providing a panoramic view of the surrounding area.
Tract of soft, wet, vegetated land, usually low lying and at times under water.....cf. Bog, Swamp, Lagoon.
Mountain heights forming a compact group.
Area of well-watered grassy land....cf. Grass.
Flat topped hill or mountain......cf. Battery.
Bleak stretch of land, usually elevated, covered with coarse grass or alpine vegetation....cf. Fell.
Ridge of material deposited by a glacier.
Syn. Bog.....cf. Marsh.
Mass of land elevated above its surroundings (usually in excess of 300 metres from foot to summit)....Syn. Mount.
Where a watercourse enters a standing body of water.
Contracted part of a channel or river.
Pointed column of rock....cf. Pinnacle.
(i) Narrow strip of low-lying land joining two land areas...cf. Isthmus.
(ii) Small inland peninsula.
Extensive area of sea separating two or more of the Continents,
(i) Syn. Gap, Col, Pass, Saddle.
(ii) Open ground in an area of dense vegetation.
(i) Relatively accessible route through a mountain barrier ....Syn. Co., Opening.
(ii) Syn. Passage, Channel .
Syn. Channel.....cf. Narrows, Gut.
Mountain or hill with a prominent pointed summit.
Area of land almost surrounded by water.
Small but prominent hill or rock with steep sides.
High peak or point of rock.
Depression with very steep to vertical walls.
Extensive area of level or gently undulating land, often of low altitude.
Area of planned cultivation of trees...cf. Grove.
Extensive area of elevated land characterised by low relief.
(i) Protruding end of a ridge or spur.
(ii) Syn. Cape.
Small, shallow lake, either natural or artificial in origin.
(i) Small body of still water....cf. Pond.
(ii) Still body of deep water in a watercourse.
(i) Town or place possessing a harbour.
(ii) Syn. Harbour.
(i) A vertical opening giving access from the surface to a cave system......Syn. Pot.
(ii) Cave system characterised by such an opening.
Descriptive term applied to a hill, rock or small island...cf, Horn, Cone, Peak, Sugarloaf.
Hill which in profile resembles a wedge having opposing slopes with markedly different angles.
Minor artificial waterway....cf. Canal, Drain.
Line of hills or mountain ridges.....cf. Ridge.
Disturbed water-flow in a watercourse caused by local steepening or contraction of the bed, usually associated with a rocky, boulder-strewn bed.
Long narrow, steep-sided valley....cf. Canyon, Gorge, Gulch, Gully.
(i) Stretch of water in a watercourse terminated by either rapids, waterfalls or bends.
(ii) Part of a channel or lake between bends.
Area or ridge of rocks usually exposed at low tide.
(i) Artificial water storage.
(ii) Body of water artificially stored....cf. Pond.
Re-appearance at the surface of an underground watercourse (commonly found in areas of soluble rocks such as limestone)...cf. Spring, Rising.
(i) A narrow hill-top or chain of hills.....cf.Range, Razorback.
(ii) Syn. Spur.
An area of water subject to strong currents.
Syn. Spring....cf. Resurgence.
Watercourse of substantial dimensions, usually occupying a channel of natural origin...cf. Rivulet, Creek.
Small river....cf. Creek.
Open anchorage for ships, sufficiently sheltered to give protection from heavy seas....Syn. Roadstead.
(i) Prominent rocky outcrop. (ii) Isolated outcrop of bedrock rising above, or close to, water level....cf. Reef.
Broad gap in a range of hills or mountains.....cf. Col, Opening, Pass.
Shallow basin where salt has been deposited.
Steeply sloping face of hill....Syn. Escarpment.
Apron of rocky debris at the base of a steep slope or cliff.
Area vegetated by a dense cover of low-growing shrubs and/or stunted trees.
Large expanse of salt water.
Strip of near horizontal mountain terrain delimited by steeper slopes, both above and below...cf. Ledge.
Syn. Shelter Cave.
Small cave, wholly within reach of daylight but protected from the elements by an overhanging roof or cliff.
Area of sand or shingle just below the surface of the water at low water....cf. Bank. (iii)
Land bounding a water feature...cf. Coast.
Oblique traverse across steep ground.
Depression, usually circular or oval in plan, associated with areas underlain by soluble rocks.
Area of inclined ground....Syn. Rise.
Small area of saturated ground....cf. Bog, Marsh, Swamp.
(i) Passage between two sea areas.
(ii) Arm of the sea or large inlet.
Narrow, low-lying tongue of sand and/or shingle, projecting into the sea or across a coastal inlet.
Natural flow of water from rock or soil onto the land surface or into a body of surface water....Syn. Rising....cf. Resurgence.
Ridge projecting from the main mass of a hill or mountain.
Rocky islet with steep to vertical sides.
Narrow stretch of water connecting two extensive water bodies....cf. Channel (i) Passage.
Course of running water occupying a definite channel......cf. watercourse.
Conical shaped hill...cf. Cone
Point at which a surface watercourse disappears underground (usually into a soluble rock such as limestone)...Syn. Streamsink....cf. Sinkhole.
Bar over which the sea washes.
Tract of vegetated, low-lying land which is permanently saturated...cf. Bog, Marsh, Soak.
Small mountain lake (usually in glaciated country) ....cf. Pond, Pool.
Small group of closely set trees and dense undergrowth .... cf. Wood.
(i) Long ridge or escarpment with prominent steep to vertical slopes.
(ii) Hill or Mountain mass of stepped or shelving formation.
An isolated mass of rock, frequently rounded, (a common feature of granite and dolerite rock types).
An isolated hill with near vertical sides.
Broad, open valley.
Markedly elongated depression in the earth’s surface, often containing a watercourse.
The near vertical descent of the water flow in a watercourse....cf. Rapid, Cataract.
(i) Depression in the bed of a watercourse usually occupied by water.
(ii) Natural or artificial depression where water collects.
(i) Syn. Divide.
(ii) The line of demarcation between opposing rises...cf. Ridge.
(i) A spring or fountain source of water often mineral.
(ii) A shaft or hole sunk in the ground for collecting water.
Circular eddy in the sea or river.
Small forest....cf. Thicket.
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